A very pleasant town nearly 250 years old with a simple architectural complex of narrow streets.
The early settlement was predominantly by families from Bahia, that brought a strong afro-brasilien influence. That has been preserved in festivals like Taieiras and Divino.
The story of Monte do Carmo begins after the discovery of gold mines by pioneer Manoel de Sousa Ferreira. In 1746 he founded the village of Carmo, which soon attracted large numbers of people who lived in the extraction of gold. With the decline of mining and the hostility of the indians, the city has not escaped the isolation, a phenomenon typical of the gold cycle across the country. The origin of the name relates to Monte do Carmo, part of a geographical accident of the same name, present throughout the region. Monte do Carmo was separated from Porto Nacional and the high council in 1963.
Until the last century, Monte do Carmo has survived with the income provided by the gold mines. Even with the exhaustion of the mines, up to today there is extraction of minerals like gold and manganese. But the main economic activity of the municipality comes from cattle raising and agriculture, with rice production, cassava, corn and soybeans. The city has a simple and ancient architectural complex, with narrow streets and a friendly population to keep alive their cultural and religious traditions.
Morro das Figuras
It is located at the top of the Serra do Carmo 640 meters above sea level. These are sandstone formations, where the actions of wind and rain erosion formed columns of rock(Vila Velha) 5-30 meters tall that resemble human figures. The big giants are a set of eight major and three minor columns. The phenomenon is an attractive exotic and mysterious place, with the valley at its feet, awakening the desire to be seen up close and be touched. Access to the figures is made partly by car and 15 km from downtown, to the shores of Córrego João Rodrigues, at the farm Fazenda do Sr. Ademar. Next, the route is on foot (6 km) to the Farm Suero, and from there go up the slopes of the mountain. The time it takes to make the entire journey is 3 hours.
Igreja nossa senhora do Rosário
Located at the Central Square in the city, the church is a secular building that blends with the city’s history. The original church, dedicated to Nossa Senhora do Carmo, was demolished and flattened to make way for the plaza. Around 1801, people built a new church. The church, simple and poor, a consequence of the decline of gold in the nineteenth century, is one of the oldest in the state. Inside, the three altars built, only the right guard original features. The other has completely disappeared. Almost the entire collection is gone. The silver and gold that were left, they were at home by individuals to prevent theft.
Festa do Divino
Religious expressions in Monte do Carmo are celebrated since the eighteenth century, at the time of the gold cycle. The Festa do Divino, one of the most traditional of Tocantins, is held annually between 7-18 July. The party is a manifestation of faith and popular culture that honors the Divine Spirit and Our Lady of Monte do Carmo, a tradition originating from Portugal. During nine days are made pilgrimages to residences, which hosts the novenas. What attracts attention are the rituals for the choice of persons who throughout the year are responsible for organizing the festivities. We have the figure of the Emperor, the Queen and Captain of the Mast. The festival attracts visitors and people from all around. Getting the average of 8000 participants.
Cachoeira do Suero
The waterfall is divided into two falls of crystal clear water falling from about 10 meters high, shaped like a veil. Residents are guided by the sound of the waterfall, about the activities linked to the planting and livestock raising. They said the waterfall “snores” to announce that it will rain. Access to the attraction is made by car to the farm of Mr. Ademar. From there, followed by walk to the farm Suero, through which flows a stream of the same name. Following the bed of the river, 800 meters, is the waterfall Suero.
Morro do Salão
This is a historic cave, because the written evidence of prehistoric encravings and has served as a hiding place for area residents who fled from the rebels of the Coluna Prestes, or from the Coronelismo, a social event in the 30s. The site also once housed the indians. Today, only animals frequent the salon, attracted by the shade and a small waterfall at the entrance. The salão is located in Serra do Carmo with depth of about 4 meters and 15 meters from one end to another. Access is made partly by car to the farm of Mr. Ademar and from there it follows the walks to the Farm Suero, through which picks up a trail up the mountain, the left side of the hill figures, taking a fence as reference point.