The state of Tocantins is located at the geodesic center of Brazil and has an area of 278.420,7 square kilometers. According to a survey done by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics in 2000, Tocantins state has 1,157,098 inhabitants. Tocantins borders six states: Pará, Maranhão, Piauí, Bahia, Mato Grosso and Goiás. Since it is located in a transitional area, it presents physical and climatic characteristics both of the Amazon region and the central region of Brazil and it has only two distinct seasons: dry and rainy season.
The climate is tropical, and the predominant vegetation is the savannah, which covers 87.8% of the area of the state and the rest is occupied by forests. The landscape of Tocantins is formed by depressions in most of the territory, plateaus in the south and northeast, and plains in the central region, with the highest point the Sierra Traíras (1,340 meters). The Tocantins possesses many natural beauties, including the Bananal Island, the largest river island in the world, located in the southwest of the state, where is also found the National Park of the Araguaia and the Indigenous National Park.
Also as a part of the Tocantins scenario is the State Park of Jalapão, with vegetation that goes back thousands of years. Nature with time shaped the unique setting, formed by dunes, flat lands, waterfalls and perfect trails for lovers of the off-road. There are 159 thousand hectares which protect the ecosystem of Jalapão, with its humid and sandy soil and its clear savannah vegetation.
Brazil’s largest hydrographic basin is located in the state – the Tocantins/Araguaia basin. Its main river is the Tocantins, whose spring is located in Goias to the north of Brasilia. Among the main tributaries of the Tocantins / Araguaia basin are the Sono, Palma and Manuel Alves Rivers, all located on the right banks of the Araguaia River.
source: 04/09/2008 – SECOM