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Dianópolis

Dianópolis’s story begins in 1750 with the founding of a village in the place where the Governor of the Captaincy, Don Marcos de Noronha, determined that the Jesuits group the indians in a village. This led to the creation of the missions of Missões de São Francisco de Xavier and Ouro, later known as D’Ouro and then Duro, circa 1754. For over a century, the place was called São José do Duro, in honor of patron São José in 1938, the village was elevated to city status, named in honor of the sisters Dianópolis custodian of the place, better known as Dianas. The story of Dianópolis is marked by dramatic events and violence. The village Formiga, founded in 1751, was devastated by an epidemic that killed, too, Father Soares. The surviving Indians were transported to the village of Duro. In principle, the place was also threatened by the Xerentes indians who raided the camp of the missions for three days , with the goal of bringing to their villages the image of São José, that was claimed to have been donated to their ancestors by Father Gabriel Alves. In 1881, the place is sacrificed by adventurer Felix and his gang who raided the camp, stealing gold and money of its people. Another tragic episode occurred in 1919, triggered by disputes among political leaders in the region. The pretext for the outbreak of fighting was the inventory of Mr. Vicente Belém, killed by enemy colonel Abílio Wolney, political leader of the time. The episode ended with the death of nine people taken hostage, and became known as “Bloody Thursday.”

It was from the eighteenth century that the first settlers began arriving in the region. The gold rush attracted immigrants from the Northeast, especially from Bahia. The action of the Jesuits, through the missions, plays an important role in the development of the city. Considered the capital of the Southeast, Dianópolis has the strongest economy in the region with a well-developed livestock. In agriculture, the city produces larger-scale rice and soybeans. Another activity is the exploration of this limestone.

Lagoa Bonita
It is a pond of approximately 30 meters in diameter and about 5 meters deep. Its waters are so transparent that you can see its sandy bottom and fish swimming in shoals inside. The presence of palm trees on its banks and its impact on waters form stunning images. The pond is in urgent need of a reclamation project and environmental protection, since it is this degradation, resulting from diamond mining. Access to Lagoa Bonita can be done by car, on the side road until the Fazenda Água Limpa. From there go by foot which will take 1 hour.

Cachoeira da Luz
There are three falls of crystalline water forming a waterfall about 30 feet high. The impact of water on the rocks makes it white and bright. The attraction is permanent. The access to it is through the road Dianópolis / Rio da Conceição (Km 15), followed by a road right up to the waterfall.

Balneário da Conceição
The Balneário da Conceição is a beautiful recreation area bounded by the Rio da Conceição. Besides clear water, the site offers much peace to visitors. The resort has good facilities possessing 12 straw huts with benches and tables, soccer field, volleyball court, showers and barbecues. The resort is located in Rio da Conceição, a newly emancipated city, 32 km from Dianópolis. The attraction is permanent and is always crowded on weekends. The months of greatest frequency are June, July and August.

Religious festivals
The patron of the city of Dianópolis is São José. The festivities take place annually, between 10-19 March. They take place at São José das Mansões. During 40 days, the group goes around asking donations to be used in celebration of the coronation of the emperor – responsible for the party of the following year. The party is in the church with costumes of red and white.

Romaria da Sucupira
The festival originated in the nineteenth century, when a sertanejo found the image of Nossa Senhora do Rosário embedded in the trunk of a tree. Thereafter, the peasants began to visit the site to pray or pay promises. The image of the saint lies at the foot of the mountain.

Igrejinha dos nove
The chapel was built in the Town Square to honor the dead of the nine killings. It is there where the hostages have been murdered in the episode known as “Bloody Thursday” which marked the history of Dianópolis.

Artesanato
The production of handicraft uses, most often, the clay for making pots and vases for plants. Of Buriti palm are made beds, sofas, quibanos, sieves tapiti, baskets, mats and other parts. Paintings are made on textiles, canvas, enamel plates, and candles. In gastronomy, the emphasis is on rice sirigado (dried meat, rice and pequi) and paçoca. There is production of homemade sweets, drinks and liquors.

Inhabitants: 20.000
Distance from Palmas: 265km
Website: http://www.dianopolis.to.gov.br/

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